James H. S. McGregor's Back to the Garden: Nature and the Mediterranean World from PDF
By James H. S. McGregor
The backyard used to be the cultural beginning of the early Mediterranean peoples; they said their reliance on and kinship to the land, they usually understood nature throughout the lens in their diversely cultivated panorama. Their snapshot of the backyard underwrote the biblical booklet of Genesis and the region’s 3 significant religions.
In this significant melding of cultural and ecological histories, James H. S. McGregor means that the environmental situation the realm faces this present day is as a result of Western society’s abandonment of the “First Nature” principle--of the harmonious interrelationship of human groups and the flora and fauna. the writer demonstrates how this courting, which endured for millennia, successfully got here to an lead to the overdue eighteenth century, whilst “nature” got here to be equated with untamed panorama with out human intervention. McGregor’s crucial paintings bargains a brand new knowing of environmental responsibility whereas offering that recuperating the unique imaginative and prescient of ourselves, now not as antagonists of nature yet as cultivators of a organic global to which we innately belong, is feasible via confirmed concepts of the earlier.
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Extra resources for Back to the Garden: Nature and the Mediterranean World from Prehistory to the Present
If a species’ success is measured by survival and adaptability, then the Neanderthals were a great success. They endured in an unstable landscape that recurrently became too harsh to sustain any form of life. Furthermore, they survived for hundreds of thousands of years without disfiguring or destroying their environment. From a technological point of view they were primitive; from an ecological point of view they were exemplary. . . . ”9 Our species, Homo sapiens, began arriving in southwest Asia about seventy thousand years ago.
Legs are less often represented. The impression a viewer gains is that all these animals were observed and remembered by people who looked at them from a slight elevation as the animals stood or crouched in vegetation that obscured their lower bodies. The animals are sometimes depicted alone, but more often in groups or pairs. 16 Among the most evocative features of the cave are the massing of figures in groups and the artists’ imaginative response to the cave contours. Irregularities in the wall surface must have suggested to the painter the beginnings of some images.
As agriculture developed, differences of climate and differences of ecology created a technological divide between cultivators who used groundwater resources—rivers, streams, springs, and lakes—and cultivators who depended on rainfall. While tradition had long pointed to cereal cultivation as the basis of the Neolithic Revolution, Sherratt argued that cereal culti- Neolithic Revolutions 41 vation became widespread not because of any improvement in grain stock but because of a magnification of the power available to cultivators.
Back to the Garden: Nature and the Mediterranean World from Prehistory to the Present by James H. S. McGregor