Atmospheric Turbulence: Models and Methods for Engineering - download pdf or read online
By Hans A. Panofsky
Provides, in one quantity, an updated precis of the present wisdom of the statistical features of atmospheric turbulence and an creation to the equipment required to use those facts to functional engineering difficulties. Covers easy physics and data, statistical homes emphasizing their habit just about the floor, and functions for engineers.
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Additional resources for Atmospheric Turbulence: Models and Methods for Engineering Applications
3 Recent changes in permafrost temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere. 3 Cold Canada Coldness is a dominant and pervasive characteristic of Canada. Snow and subfreezing temperatures are common and widespread, the only exception being the maritime lowland fringes of British Columbia. On the other hand, the large majority of Canada’s population resides in a narrow, 100–150 km wide, belt along its southern border with the United States. Here, climate is largely temperate, seasonal agriculture is possible, plant and animal productivity is relatively high, and the constraints of cold are temporarily forgotten for at least half of the year.
As a result, cold arctic air frequently flows southwards into central Canada. Large scale influences on the hydroclimate of Canada’s western mountains include the so-called Pacific-North America (PNA) pattern, the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). The PNA has a strong and a weak phase; the weak phase tends to produce cooler and wetter weather, and higher snow accumulation. ENSO changes phase every 2–7 years and PDO changes phase every 2–3 decades. The cool phases of ENSO and PDO reinforce the weak phase of PNA and produce the coolest and wettest conditions.
4 The distribution of subglacial landforms on the bed of the Laurentide Ice Sheet, as exemplified by the Keewatin area. The former position of the long term Keewatin ice divide is demarcated by an area largely devoid of subglacial landforms: (a) distribution of drumlins and ribbed moraine; (b) distribution of eskers and bedrock exposures (from Aylsworth and Shilts, 1989a, b). Reproduced, with permission, from Aylsworth, J. M. and Shilts, W. W. ‘Bedforms of the Keewatin Ice Sheet, Canada’ in Sedimentary Geology v.
Atmospheric Turbulence: Models and Methods for Engineering Applications by Hans A. Panofsky