New PDF release: Atmospheric Radiation: A Primer with Illustrative Solutions

By James A. Coakley Jr., Ping Yang

ISBN-10: 3527410988

ISBN-13: 9783527410989

A first-look at radiative move in planetary atmospheres with a specific specialize in the Earth's surroundings and weather. The textbook covers the fundamentals of the radiative move of sun, treating absorption and scattering, and the move of the thermal infrared acceptable for neighborhood thermodynamic equilibrium, absorption and emission. The examples incorporated exhibit how the recommendations of the radiative move equation are utilized in distant sensing to probe the thermal constitution and composition of planetary atmospheres. This motivates scholars by means of best them to a greater figuring out of and appreciation for the computer-generated numerical effects.
Aimed at upper-division undergraduates and starting graduate scholars in physics and atmospheric sciences, the e-book is designed to hide the essence of the cloth in a 10-week path, whereas the cloth within the not obligatory sections will facilitate its use on the extra leisurely velocity and in-depth concentration of a semester path.

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Extra resources for Atmospheric Radiation: A Primer with Illustrative Solutions

Sample text

8a shows calculated spectra for the incident sunlight at the top of the atmosphere and at the surface when cloud-free and when overcast by cirrus. S. Standard Atmosphere. 7. 1. The visible optical thickness of the cirrus is 2. 7 Global average energy budget of the surface, troposphere, and stratosphere. ) Asterisks indicate the major radiatively active contributors to the absorption and scattering of sunlight and the Longwave 24 5 Non radiative absorption and emission of thermal radiation. The values are given as a percentage of the global average incident sunlight, Q0 ∕4 = 340 W m−2 ≡ 100%.

Conversely, if the concentration of an infrared absorber in a layer increases, the layer would warm until equilibrium is reached between the absorption and emission of infrared radiation. Unfortunately, calculating the effects of heating in a multilayered, nongray, nonisothermal atmosphere is a formidable undertaking. 5 shows the results of early attempts to obtain realistic solutions for the vertical temperature profile of the Earth’s atmosphere in radiative equilibrium [6]. The temperatures at the centers of the model layers are indicated by the large dots in the figure.

In the window-gray model, the net solar radiative flux at the surface is the same as that at the top of the atmosphere. 42) As with the top of the atmosphere, the radiation budget at the surface is related to the net radiative flux by ℛ NET SURF = −ℱNET SURF . 43) dt As has already been noted, in the window-gray model the atmosphere is heated by the absorption of infrared radiation emitted by the surface and cooled by the emission of infrared radiation by the atmosphere. In radiative equilibrium, the cooling balances the heating and the net is zero.

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Atmospheric Radiation: A Primer with Illustrative Solutions by James A. Coakley Jr., Ping Yang

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