Download PDF by James Steele: Architecture for Islamic Societies Today
By James Steele
Because the Aga Khan Award for structure used to be all started in 1977 it's been within the leading edge of recognising the whole impression of social and environmental upheaval at the outfitted atmosphere in 3rd international international locations. during this quantity the jurys choice for the fourth cycle of the awards is gifted. the chosen tasks, which care for concerns pertinent to either the constructing and built global, exhibit their undying relevance. The visionary philosophy in the back of the awards has been to hunt to motivate architects, developers, consumers and clients to benefit from and upload to the Muslim historical past. all of the award-winning tasks integrated are defined intimately, discussing not just the advance and layout, development tools and expertise, but additionally the ancient history of the location. initiatives diversity from the recovery of the nice Omari Mosque, Lebanon, to the Grameen financial institution Housing undertaking, Bangladesh, and from the Gurel summer time place of dwelling, Turkey, to the Arab global Institute, Paris.
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Because the Aga Khan Award for structure used to be all started in 1977 it's been within the leading edge of recognising the total influence of social and environmental upheaval at the outfitted atmosphere in 3rd international international locations. during this quantity the jurys choice for the fourth cycle of the awards is gifted. the chosen initiatives, which take care of concerns pertinent to either the constructing and built international, display their undying relevance.
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Extra resources for Architecture for Islamic Societies Today
We have heard a great deal about builders, developers, architects, and engineers in Chicago, but only one historian has ever mentioned the HaIe elevator, and his work has yet to be published. The HaIe machines were installed in the Tacoma Building, which has been offered as a better candidate for first skyscraper than the Horne Insurance. The electrically powered elevator had its primitive beginning in 1880 with a demonstration model built by Ernst Werner von Siemens, one of the great creative figures in the pioneer age of electrical technology.
Ouen dock warehouse built by Hippolyte Fontaine in 1865 had sported a similar, if not so clearly developed structure (Skempton, 1959/1960). Whereas the Horne Insurance Building had no framing provided for stiffening, the Menier Building was entirely braced by triangulation, and the brick exterior walls were genuine curtain walls which, however, carried their own load over three stories before resting on the lower part of the iron frame. Again it is a value judgement as to which aspects of the independence of frame from skin one chooses to give precedence.
When buildings passed five stories in height it was no longer possible to ask people to climb the stairs, especially if it was a prestigious office or department store block. Some other way had to be found for moving from one floor to another, and the solution again came from strictly utilitarian structures. The first poweroperated elevators were introduced into English mills about 1835. England was far ahead of any other country in the century from the mid-eighteenth to the mid-nineteenth, but by the latter date it was being rapidly eclipsed by the United States and Germany in technology and industrial development.
Architecture for Islamic Societies Today by James Steele