An Essay on the Principle of Population (Oxford World's by Thomas Malthus PDF

By Thomas Malthus

ISBN-10: 0191605948

ISBN-13: 9780191605949

Malthus's Essay appears to be like on the perennial tendency of people to outstrip their assets: copy continuously exceeds meals creation. this day Malthus is still a byword for quandary approximately man's demographic and ecological clients.

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Example text

A related point that deserves consideration is that phrases such as I think in spoken language lose their categorial status and become ‘parentheticals’ (cf. Perkins (1983: 98); Hopper & Traugott (2003: 208)). Here, as Thompson & Mulac (1991) and Aijmer (1997) argue, grammaticalization has actually taken place and they eventually become adverbs (similar to maybe from it may be) or elements of the modal system (such as Modern Japanese epistemic possibility construction ka mo sirenai ‘I can’t know whether not’), depending on the structure of the language in question.

The distinction between volitive and non-volitive is a notional, and thus categorical, distinction. The notion of a scale or gradualness plays little or no role here. Deontic modal meanings contain an ‘element of will’ while epistemic modal meanings do not (cf. Heine 1995: 29). Dynamic modality, taken in the core sense of circumstantial possibility and ability as is done here, as well as evidential meanings, contain no element of will either. In contrast, the scale from event-oriented to speaker-oriented is not purely notional but depends on empirical backup.

9) You must be alive to opportunity! Note that as with the epistemic sentences, the propositions on which the modal markers operate are, due to the presence of the modal marker, non-factual, which is crucial for our definition of modality. However, unlike the case of epistemic modality, the lack of factuality is not the intended meaning of the modal markers, but an inevitable implication of the primary deontic meanings, such as obligation. Therefore, deontic modal expressions have to be viewed as less typical and less 3.

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An Essay on the Principle of Population (Oxford World's Classics) by Thomas Malthus


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