Download e-book for iPad: American Philosophy: The Basics by Nancy Stanlick
By Nancy Stanlick
American Philosophy: The Basics introduces the background of yank inspiration from early Calvinists to the hot England Transcendentalists and from agreement thought to modern African American philosophy. the foremost query it asks is: what it's that makes American Philosophy certain? This vigorous and compelling ebook strikes via key classes within the improvement of yank concept from the founding fathers to the transcendentalists and pragmatists to modern social commentators. Readers are brought to:
* probably the most very important thinkers in American heritage together with Jonathan Edwards, Thomas Paine, Charles Sanders Pierce, Thomas Kuhn, Cornel West and lots of extra
* advancements in 5 key parts of concept: epistemology, metaphysics, faith and ethics, social philosophy, and political philosophy
* The contributions of yankee girls, African-Americans and local Americans.
Featuring feedback for extra interpreting and assuming no previous wisdom of philosophy, this is often a fantastic first advent for an individual learning or drawn to the historical past of yankee thought.
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Extra info for American Philosophy: The Basics
On the other hand, the application of the resolutive-compositive method makes it possible and acceptable to oﬀer new ideas and ways of conceiving of truth. New ideas in the Modern world are to be tested, not rejected out of hand. Paine and other political theorists of his time employed the new method of science in the social and political realms to create a new way of conceiving the relationship of the individual to the state. He analyzed the origins, legitimacy, function, purpose, and power of government by thinking about what we would conclude if we were to subject the concept of government to scientiﬁc method.
It is important to note that government being necessary to secure rights does not imply that government grants rights to anyone. The individual has rights prior to the formation of government, some of which are eﬀectively exercised by the individual. If government exists to protect rights, when government violates them it is no longer legitimate. Jeﬀerson championed the defense of individual rights. He was not so much interested in arguing for the need for government as he was in providing reasons for revolution arising from government’s abuse of power.
Paine trusted society generally but distrusted government speciﬁcally. For Paine, government must have only limited power. Adams distrusted society due to his Hobbesian view of human nature and argued for a government suﬃcient in structure and power to defeat rival claims of individual self-interest. Paine and Adams agreed that governments exist to protect rights. Forming government to protect rights is inseparably tied to one’s view of human nature and the nature of society. The formation of government is aﬀected by the way in which (and whether) a constitution plays into government foundation.
American Philosophy: The Basics by Nancy Stanlick