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By Edward C. Stewart, Milton J. Bennett
This research of yankee behavioural and notion styles analyzes Americans' perceptual methods and the way they distinction with the methods of considering different cultures. The textual content covers language and non-verbal behaviour and breaks down cultural styles into 4 dimensions: kind of job, kind of social kin, conception of the area, and belief of the self. This examine is helping the reader study the cultural dimensions of communique and their implications for cross-cultural interplay.
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Extra resources for American Cultural Patterns: A Cross-Cultural Perspective
Traffic signs in the American city assume that drivers need directions on how to get to certain destinations. , drivers can pick up directional signs miles distant from the destination. Directions are given by signs placed where drivers must make a choice between two or more alternative routes and again where they will inform the drivers that they have made the correct choice. The principle of giving directions to reach the airport seems clear enough, but consider the situation in a Japanese city where signs are posted according to a different principle.
The information conveyed is particular, action-oriented, causal, and practical. It assumes an agent outside the self and the immediate situation that is capable of observing information and acting upon it. This contrasts with the perceptual thinking of the Japanese and others, which maintains a concept of self which is centered in the immediate act of perception. The concept of implied agent provides us with a convenient way of describing the American preoccupation with causation. The idea of a C U L T U R A L PATTERNS OF P E R C E P T I O N A N D T H I N K I N G 39 "natural happening" or "occurrence" is not familiar or acceptable for Americans as it is for the Chinese and many other non-Westerners.
The Japanese manager in the above episode acted in the best Japanese style. First, he did not share with the American uncertainties of planning for the order; Japanese typically do not discuss their plans until after the countdown. Second, he would not commit himself to deliveries based on probability rather than countdowns. Therefore, he was caught in a difficult cultural predicament. A second episode presents a technical view of speculation, probability, and risk analysis. The incident was reported by a Scandinavian assigned to survey and approve the construction of a ship contracted to a Japanese ship-building company.
American Cultural Patterns: A Cross-Cultural Perspective by Edward C. Stewart, Milton J. Bennett