Download PDF by Linda Weiss: America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National
By Linda Weiss
For greater than part a century, the USA has led the area in constructing significant applied sciences that force the trendy economic climate and underpin its prosperity. In America, Inc., Linda Weiss attributes the U.S. means for transformative innovation to the power of its nationwide safeguard nation, a posh of companies, courses, and hybrid preparations that has built round the establishment of everlasting safeguard preparedness and the pursuit of technological supremacy. She examines how that advanced emerged and the way it has developed in accordance with altering geopolitical threats and family political constraints, from the chilly battle interval to the post-9/11 era.
Weiss specializes in state-funded enterprise capital money, new types of know-how procurement by way of safety and security-related firms, and innovation in robotics, nanotechnology, and renewable power because the Nineteen Eighties. Weiss argues that the nationwide safeguard kingdom has been the crucible for leap forward concepts, a catalyst for entrepreneurship and the formation of latest corporations, and a collaborative community coordinator for private-sector tasks. Her booklet appraises power myths concerning the military-commercial dating on the middle of the nationwide protection nation. Weiss additionally discusses the results for knowing U.S. capitalism, the yankee kingdom, and the way forward for American primacy as financialized firms curtail funding in production and innovation.
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Extra resources for America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State
This is a key contention of the present study. S. high-tech economy and attributes American state minimalism to the inﬂuence of a robust antistatism. —forces thinking into a state-versusmarket framework and thereby misses what is arguably most distinctive about the NSS, namely, its close entwinement with nonstate actors and the private sector and its spawning of innovation-driven hybrids. As I argue in chapter 7, rather than representing a shift toward classical statism, America’s NSS drove the development of hybrid public-private institutional forms, enhancing the state’s commercial inﬂuence at the same time as providing for national defense.
With the exception of the life sciences where the NIH held sway, the AEC/DoE and the armed services dominated the postwar patronage of science and technology development. Together with the NSF and (later) NASA, these emerged as the key actors in the NSS innovation enterprise. Partnering for Perpetual Innovation The Eisenhower administration that came to power in 1953 oversaw the start of a long climb in federal support for technology development. 17 More than any other peacetime president, Eisenhower bolstered the NSS’s ability to steer technological change throughout the American economy by creating robust public institutions and empowering them to enter into ﬂexible and well-resourced alliances with the private sector.
Technological Leadership beyond Defense: NIH, AEC/DoE, NSF Looking beyond the DoD to the other arms of the NSS, we soon see how the process of establishing a national security state geared to securing technological supremacy could not stop with the DoD and the intelligence agencies. At different stages, it also drew into its orbit the Atomic Energy Commission, which in 1973 became the Department of Energy, as well as the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and a little later, NASA.
America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State by Linda Weiss