New PDF release: A History of Philosophy, Volume 8: Modern Philosophy:
By Frederick Copleston
Conceived initially as a major presentation of the improvement of philosophy for Catholic seminary scholars, Frederick Copleston's nine-volume A heritage Of Philosophy has journeyed a ways past the modest objective of its writer to common acclaim because the top historical past of philosophy in English.
Copleston, an Oxford Jesuit of colossal erudition who as soon as tangled with A. J. Ayer in a fabled debate in regards to the life of God and the potential for metaphysics, knew that seminary scholars have been fed a woefully insufficient nutrition of theses and proofs, and that their familiarity with such a lot of history's nice thinkers used to be lowered to simplistic caricatures. Copleston got down to redress the incorrect by means of writing an entire background of Western philosophy, one crackling with incident and highbrow pleasure -- and person who provides complete position to every philosopher, providing his concept in a fantastically rounded demeanour and exhibiting his hyperlinks to people who went sooner than and to those that got here after him.
The results of Copleston's prodigious labors is a historical past of philosophy that's not likely ever to be exceeded. notion journal summed up the final contract between students and scholars alike whilst it reviewed Copleston's A heritage of Philosophy as "broad-minded and goal, complete and scholarly, unified and good proportioned... we won't suggest [it] too highly."
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Extra info for A History of Philosophy, Volume 8: Modern Philosophy: Empiricism, Idealism, and Pragmatism in Britain and America
But to come closer to Aristotle is precisely what Mill is doing. ' 8 Mill does not hesitate to refer to man's 'higher faculties', 1 to which higher or superior pleasures are correlative. ' 6 True, Mill does not produce a clear and full account of what he means by human nature. He lays stress, indeed, on the perfecting and improving of human nature, and he emphasizes the idea of individuality. Thus he says, for example, that 'individuality is the same thing with development', and that 'it is only the cultivation of individuality which Dissertations and Discussions, I, pp.
Moreover, he thought that this belief had a detrimental effect upon morality. 25 BRITISH EMPIRICISM 26 In 1823 Mill obtained, through his father's influence, a clerkship in the East India Company. And after successive promotions he became head of the office in 1856 with a substantial salary. Neither father nor son ever held an academic chair. Mill's first printed writings consisted of some letters published in 1822, in which he defended Ricardo and James Mill against attack. After the foundation of the Westminster Review in 1824 he became a frequent contributor.
8 But when civilization has developed up to a certain point, the principle of utility demands that the individual should enjoy full liberty, except the liberty to do harm to others. And if we presuppose a society of this sort, we can reasonably talk about a 'right' to liberty, a right grounded on the principle of utility. Mill's general thesis is, therefoie, that in a civilized community the only legitimate ground for the exercise of coercion in regard to the individual is 'to prevent harm to others.
A History of Philosophy, Volume 8: Modern Philosophy: Empiricism, Idealism, and Pragmatism in Britain and America by Frederick Copleston